The healthcare industry is one of the world's largest and fastest-growing industries . The healthcare industry (also called the medical industry or health economy) is an aggregation and integration of sectors within the economic system that provides goods and services to treat patients with curative, preventive, rehabilitative, and palliative care. It includes the generation and commercialization of goods and services lending themselves to maintaining and re-establishing health.The modern healthcare industry is divided into many sectors and depends on the interdisciplinary teams of trained professionals and paraprofessionals to meet health needs of individuals and populations.

Indian healthcare delivery system is categorised into two major components - public and private. The Government, i.e. public healthcare system comprises limited secondary and tertiary care institutions in key cities and focuses on providing basic healthcare facilities in the form of primary healthcare centres (PHCs) in rural areas. The private sector provides majority of secondary, tertiary and quaternary care institutions with a major concentration in metros, tier I and tier II cities.Healthcare industry in India comprises of hospitals, medical devices, clinical trials, outsourcing, telemedicine, medical tourism, health insurance and medical equipment. The industry is growing at a tremendous pace owing to its strengthening coverage, services and increasing expenditure by public as well private players.The hospital industry in India, accounting for 80% of the total healthcare market, is witnessing a huge investor demand from both global as well as domestic investors. The healthcare market can increase three fold to Rs 8.6 trillion (US$ 133.44 billion) by 2022.India is experiencing 22-25 per cent growth in medical tourism and the industry is expected to reach US$ 9 billion by 2020.